Recently, I published a case report, which was based on a methodology to estimate carbon emissions from groundwater pumping in Punjab, India. The report was correlated with the fact of the green revolution momentum in the late 1960s and 1970s that resulted very negatively to some of the Indian states, especially Punjab. Due to this, the carbon emission patterns due to groundwater pumping in the state have changed enormously, and today the sector is one of the main contributors of C-emissions. Therefore, this study identified the critical blocks of central Punjab that should be aimed at reducing the carbon emissions of the groundwater economy. This study was thus based on the regional scale and highlights various factors that played a crucial role in contributing to these emissions. For the year 2013, the energy requirement for groundwater pumping computed as 7919.6 MkWh and the contribution to the overall C-emissions was 1349.6 (’000) ton. Along with that, an overlay analysis of the choropleth maps (tubewell density, groundwater draft, groundwater depth, and C-emissions) showed that SC-III zone was the most critical zone of central Punjab.
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